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Published: 2016-08-24

The Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome – A Case Report with Radiological Review

Sanjay Mhalasakant Khaladkar, Vigyat Kamal, Anubhav Kamal, Sushen Kumar Kondapavuluri

(Department of Radiology, Dr. DY Patil Medical College & Research Center, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India)

Pol J Radiol 2016; 81:395-400

DOI: 10.12659/PJR.897228

BACKGROUND: HWW syndrome is a very rare congenital anomaly of urogenital tract involving Mullerian ducts and mesonephric ducts. It is characterised by a triad of symptoms - uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. It can be classified based on a completely or incompletely obstructed hemivagina. It presents soon after menarche or shows delayed presentation depending on the type. It can exhibit acute pelvic pain shortly after menarche and may show non-specific and variable symptoms with resultant delay in diagnosis. The most common presentation is pain and dysmenorrhea, and pain and abdominal mass in the lower abdomen secondary to haematocolpos and/or haematometra.
CASE REPORT: Presentation of a clinical case of a 13-year-old patient with HWW syndrome presenting with regular menses, dysmenorrhea and painful lump in hypogastric region on the left side of midline. We described the role of imaging modalities in diagnosis of the Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome with a review of literature. USG and MRI showed left renal agenesis with compensatory hypertrophy of the right kidney, uterus didelphys with haematometra and haematocervix in the left uterus with evidence of blood in a dilated retort-shaped left fallopian tube and a normal right uterus. The unique feature of our case is haematometra and haematocervix with cervical and vaginal atresia found on the left side (classification 1.2) with associated left renal agenesis.
CONCLUSIONS: HWW syndrome can present early or late, depending on the type. In patients with uterine and vaginal abnormalities, a work-up for associated renal anomalies should be performed. Early intervention ... read more

Keywords: Didelphis, Hematometra, Mullerian Ducts

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