ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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2019
vol. 84
 
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Interventional radiology
abstract:
Original paper

Comparison of clinical outcome between pyeloperfused versus non-pyeloperfused microwave ablation of renal cell carcinoma

Katayoun Samadi
,
Ronald Arellano

© Pol J Radiol 2019; 84: e447-e452
Online publish date: 2019/11/08
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Purpose
We present the outcomes of microwave ablation (MWA) of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with and without pyeloperfusion.

Material and methods
A retrospective review of patients’ records was undertaken to identify patients with RCC, who were treated with MWA with and without adjunctive pyeloperfusion. The distance between the tumour and ureter as well as the tumour size were measured on axial imaging. Pyeloperfusion was performed in nine patients in this series after placement of a ureteral stent and instilment of diluted contrast into the ureter. MWAs of the tumours were performed under computed tomography (CT) guidance. Hydrodissection was performed to displace at-risk organs. Crea­tinine was measured as renal function index after and before the procedure. A CT scan was performed at the end of the procedure and also after one, three, and six months, to identify the presence of residual disease and complications.

Results
Eighteen biopsies of proven RCC were treated with 20 sessions of MWA. The average follow-up time for this study was 180 days. The average distance between the ureter and the tumour in axial CT view was 20.8 (± 2.9) mm. Primary efficacy was achieved in 88% of pyeloperfused patients and in 100% of the non-pyeloperfused patients. Two pyeloperfused patients required secondary procedure, and full secondary efficacy was achieved for both. There was only one grade 2 urological complication, which occurred in a patient who underwent pyeloperfusion. Creatinine was not significantly different after the procedure in this study (p-value 0.4).

Conclusion
In this study MWAs of RCCs were successfully performed using pyeloperfusion as a protective measure against thermal injury to the ureter.

keywords:

microwave ablation, pyeloperfusion, hydrodissection

 
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