ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2022
vol. 87
 
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Chest radiology
abstract:
Original paper

Diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of lung ultrasound in coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

Javid Azadbakht
1
,
Maryam Saffari
1
,
Hamidreza Talarie
1
,
Mahsa Masjedi Esfahani
1
,
Mahdi Barzegar
2, 3

1.
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
2.
Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3.
Isfahan Neurosciences Research Centre, Alzahra Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
© Pol J Radiol 2022; 87: e397-e408
Online publish date: 2022/07/18
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Introduction
This study aimed to assess the correlation between lung ultrasound (LUS) and computed tomography (CT) findings and the predictability of LUS scores to anticipate disease characteristics, lab data, clinical severity, and mortality in patients with COVID-19.

Material and methods
Fifty consecutive hospitalized PCR-confirmed COVID-19 patients who underwent chest CT scan and LUS on the first day of admission were enrolled. The LUS score was calculated based on the presence, severity, and distribution of parenchymal abnormalities in 14 regions.

Results
The participants’ mean age was 54.60 ± 19.93 years, and 26 (52%) were female. All patients had CT and LUS findings typical of COVID-19. The mean value of CT and LUS severity scores were 11.80 ± 3.89 (ranging from 2 to 20) and 13.74 ± 6.43 (ranging from 1 to 29), respectively. The LUS score was significantly higher in females (p = 0.016), and patients with dyspnoea (p = 0.048), HTN (p = 0.034), immunodeficiency (p = 0.034), room air SpO2 ≤ 93 (p = 0.02), and pleural effusion (p = 0.036). LUS findings were strongly correlated with CT scan results regarding lesion type, distribution, and severity in a region-by-region fashion (92-100% agreement). An LUS score of 14 or higher was predictive of room air SpO2 ≤ 93 and ICU admission, while an LUS score ≥ 12 was predictive of death (p = 0.011, 0.023, and 0.003, respectively).

Conclusions
Our results suggested that LUS can be used as a valuable tool for detecting COVID-19 pneumonia and determining high-risk hospitalized patients, helping to triage and stratify high-risk patients, which waives the need to undertake irradiating chest CT and reduces the burden of overworked CT department staff.

keywords:

lung ultrasound, computed tomography scan, coronavirus, COVID-19




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