ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2022
vol. 87
 
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Gastrointestinal and abdominal radiology
abstract:
Original paper

Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 T for peripheral zone prostate cancer: the influence of the b-value combination on the diagnostic performance of apparent diffusion coefficient

Abbas Rezaeian
1
,
Mohsen Ostovari
2
,
Mojtaba Hoseini-Ghahfarokhi
3
,
Hashem Khanbabaei
4

1.
Department of Radiology Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2.
Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3.
Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, School of Paramedical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
4.
Department of Radiologic Sciences and Medical Physics, Faculty of Allied Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Pol J Radiol 2022; 87: e215-e219
Online publish date: 2022/04/08
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Purpose
Diffusion-weighted imaging as a noninvasive functional modality plays a valuable role in the evaluation of prostate cancer. However, there is still no agreement on the number and range of b-values to be used. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of b-value choice on the diagnostic performance of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values for prostate cancer detection.

Material and methods
Fifty-nine consecutive patients with abnormal digital rectal examination findings and raised serum prostate-specific antigen were chosen for magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate before systematic 12-core trans­rectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies. ADC values for each ROI were calculated from different b-value combinations (0-1600 s/mm2) by a monoexponential model. Mann-Whitney and the paired-sample t-test were used to compare the mean ADC values for malignant lesions and noncancerous tissues. ROC curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ADC values in distinguishing prostate cancer from normal-tissue ROIs.

Results
The differences between mean ADC values of malignant lesions and contralateral healthy tissues were significant for all the pairs of b-value combinations. The pair of b-values 50 and 1200 provided the highest AUC (0.94), with a sensitivity of 90.2%, a specificity of 92.6%, and an accuracy of 91.2% at an ADC cut-off of 1.23 × 10-3 mm2/s.

Conclusions
Our study showed that using a 1.5-Tesla MRI scanner the diagnostic performance of ADC values estimated from the b-value pair 50 and 1200 s/mm2 was highest. However, some other b-value pairs provided statically comparable diagnostic performance.

keywords:

prostate cancer, ADC, detection, b-value, diffusion weighted




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