ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2021
vol. 86
 
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Gastrointestinal and abdominal radiology
abstract:
Original paper

Does dual-energy abdominal computed tomography increase the radiation dose to patients: a prospective observational study

Dilip John
1
,
Athira R.
1
,
Swathigha Selvaraj
1
,
Rupa Renganathan
1
,
Kannan Gunasekaran
1
,
Venkatesh Kasi Arunachalam
1

1.
Department of Radiology, Kovai Medical Center and Hospital, Coimbatore, India
Pol J Radiol 2021; 86: e208-e216
Online publish date: 2021/04/15
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Introduction
The aim of our study was to compare single-energy (SECT) and dual-energy (DECT) abdominal computed tomography (CT) examinations in matched patient cohorts regarding the differences in effective radiation dose (ERD) and image quality performed in a third-generation dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) scanner.

Material and methods
Our study included 100 patients, who were divided randomly into 2 groups. The patients included in Group A were scanned by SECT, and Group B members were scanned by DECT. Volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose length product (DLP), and ERD for venous phase acquisition were recorded in each patient and were normalised for 40 cm. Analyses were performed by using statistical software (SPSS version 20.0 for windows), and Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons was applied for p-values and confidence intervals.

Results
Average ERD based on DLP values normalised for 40 cm acquisition were obtained for both Group A and Group B. The mean ERD for Group A was 11.89 mSv, and for group B it was 6.87 mSv. There was a significant difference in these values between Group A and Group B as shown by a p-value of < 0.001. On subjective and objective analysis, there was no statistically significant difference in image quality between the 2 groups.

Conclusions
The protocols in third-generation DSCT using dual-energy mode resulted in significant reductions in the effective radiation dose (by approximately 58%) compared to SECT in routine abdominal examination in matched cohorts. Therefore, the quantitative imaging potential of DECT can be utilised in needed patients with decreased radiation dose in third-generation DSCT.

keywords:

radiation dose, third generation, DSCT, DECT, SECT, image quality




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