ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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2019
vol. 84
 
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Breast radiology
abstract:
Original paper

Evaluation of the positive predictive value (PPV3) of ACR BI-RADS category 4 and 5 based on the outcomes of Invasive Diagnostic Office in an outpatient clinic

Krzysztof Koziełek
,
Natalia Stranz-Walczak
,
Paweł Gajdzis
,
Katarzyna Karmelita-Katulska

Pol J Radiol 2019; 84: e185-e189
Online publish date: 2019/04/10
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Introduction
The American College of Radiology (ACR) BI-RADS classification is the applicable for breast lesion assessment. BI-RADS categories 4 and 5 need to be followed by biopsy. The aim of our study was to evaluate the tissue biopsy-proven positive predictive value (PPV3) for BI-RADS 4 (and its subcategories) and for BI-RADS 5, and BI-RADS distribution, in comparison to ACR assumptions and literature.

Material and methods
We retrospectively analysed biopsies performed in our outpatient clinic in 2017. Our target group of patients consisted of 797 patients at the average age of 52 years.

Results
BI-RADS 5 constituted 12% of cases (95 cases), and BI-RADS 4 88% (698 cases). Within BI-RADS 4 subdivisions there were 359 cases in 4a (45.3%), 215 in 4b (27%), and 124 in 4c (15.6%). Overall PPV3 was 34.8%. BI-RADS 5 category PPV3 number was 97.89%. In category BI-RADS 4 the values of PPV3 equalled 26.22% without subdivision and 3.6%, 27.9%, and 88.7% for subcategories BI-RADS 4a, 4b, and 4c, respectively.

Conclusions
BI-RADS categorisation by radiologists in the studied group matches the literature data according to achieved PPV and BI-RADS percentage distribution. The stratification of cancer risk among categories was proven with Mann-Whitney U test p value < 0.005. There was a statistically important unaccepted difference of PPV3 between core biopsy and vacuum-assisted biopsy, which needs further investigation.

keywords:

breast cancer, breast biopsy, BI-RADS classification

 
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