ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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2019
vol. 84
 
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Musculoskeletal radiology
abstract:
Original paper

Magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of bipartite patella: usefulness and relationship with symptoms

Tuba Akdag
1
,
Esra S. Guldogan
1
,
Huseyin Coskun
1
,
Aynur Turan
1
,
Baki Hekimoglu
1

1.
University of Health Sciences, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
© Pol J Radiol 2019; 84: e491-e497
Online publish date: 2019/11/28
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Purpose
Bipartite patella is a rare developmental variation of the knee cap. We aimed to identify the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of bipartite patella and evaluate the association with clinical symptoms.

Material and methods
MRI exams of 61 patients with bipartite variant were evaluated for types of bipartite patella, oedema around the synchondrosis, bipartite fragment height (FH), distance between the fragment and the patella (FPD), and signal characteristics within the synchondrosis. The study was designed with two observers in order to achieve intra- and interobserver compliance. Any other major knee pathologies that can cause pain were also recorded.

Results
Of the 61 participants the average age was 40.1 ± 14.3 years, 44 were males, and 17 were females. Fifty-nine of the bipartite fragments were located at the superolateral quadrant of the patella. There was oedema at the bipartite area in 35 patients. Ten of these patients had no major MRI diagnosis other than oedema, and they were classified as the symptomatic group. The age of the patients in the symptomatic group was statistically lower than in the asymptomatic group (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of male and female distributions, signal types across the synchondrosis, and FH or FPD measurements (p > 0.05). High concordance correlation coefficients were observed on measurements

Conclusions
MRI of the knee is highly accurate in evaluation of bipartite patella. To our knowledge; a detailed MRI analysis, like in our study, has not previously been performed, and our report is unique in showing that the symptomatic occurrence of bipartite patella is statistically higher in young patients.

keywords:

patella, bipartite, magnetic resonance, oedema

 
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