ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2020
vol. 85
 
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Head and neck radiology
abstract:
Review paper

Magnetic resonance imaging of intraocular optic nerve disorders: review article

Tomonori Kanda
1
,
Aki Miyazaki
1
,
Feibi Zeng
1
,
Yoshiko Ueno
1
,
Keitaro Sofue
1
,
Takaki Maeda
1
,
Munenobu Nogami
1
,
Kazuhiro Kitajima
2
,
Takamichi Murakami
1

1.
Department of Radiology, Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan
2.
Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine and PET Centre, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan
© Pol J Radiol 2020; 85: e67-e81
Online publish date: 2020/02/07
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The optic nerve is morphologically classified as a peripheral nerve, but histologically it shares characteristics with the central nerves. Diseases that affect vision and the optic nerve are many and varied: optic neuritis, demyelination (multiple sclerosis, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-related disorders), drugs, collagen disease, vasculitis, infection, trauma, vascular abnormalities, tumours, and non-tumoural masses. In this review, we summarise the magnetic resonance imaging findings for various pathological conditions that cause deterioration in visual acuity.
keywords:

magnetic resonance imaging, optic nerve, optic nerve disorders, intraorbital disorders, paraorbital disorders

 
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