ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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2018
vol. 83
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Noninvasive evaluation of renal tissue oxygenation with blood oxygen level-dependent magnetic resonance imaging early after transplantation has a limited predictive value for the delayed graft function

Agata Sławińska, Zbigniew Serafin, Elżbieta Zawada, Marcin Białecki, Katarzyna Wypych, Aleksandra Woderska, Maciej Słupski, Zbigniew Włodarczyk

© Pol J Radiol 2018; 83: e389-e393
Online publish date: 2018/08/05
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Purpose
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of renal oxygenation assessment using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the early period after kidney transplantation and to estimate its prognostic value for delayed graft function.

Material and methods
Examinations were performed in 50 subjects: 40 patients within a week after the kidney transplantation and 10 healthy controls, using T2*-weighted sequence. Measurements in transplant patients were correlated to basic laboratory parameters in the early period after transplantation and at follow-up.

Results
Examinations of seven patients (18%) were rejected due to their poor technical quality. Mean R2* values in transplant recipients were lower than in controls (11.6 vs. 15.9 Hz; p = 0.0001). An R2* value of 0.28 Hz was calculated as the minimal detectable change. There was no relation between R2* values and laboratory parameters. However, patients eGFR ≥ 40 ml/min/1.73 m2 presented higher R2* values than recipients eGFR < 40 ml/min/1.73 m2 (12.0 vs. 11.1 Hz; p = 0.0189). In ROC analysis R2* of ≤ 11.7 predicted an early reduced graft function with 0.82 sensitivity and 56% specificity (AUC = 0.708; p = 0.024) but was not useful for delayed graft function prediction (p > 0.7).

Conclusions
Evaluation of renal graft oxygenation using BOLD MRI is technically challenging in the early period after transplantation. An R2* value of 0.28 Hz may in practice be considered as the minimal detectable change. The delayed graft function seems not to be dependent on early oxygenation values. Further, large-scale studies are necessary to confirm the latter observation.

keywords:

renal graft oxygenation, BOLD MRI, blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance, kidney transplantation

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