ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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2018
vol. 83
 
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abstract:
Original paper

Role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the differentiation of benign and malignant pulmonary lesions

Eman Abdelaziz Alnaghy
,
Mahmoud Ahmed El-Nahas
,
Ahmed Galal Sadek
,
Noureldin Noaman Gwely
,
Mohamed Magdy Elrakhawy

© Pol J Radiol 2018; 83: e585-e594
Online publish date: 2018/12/20
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Purpose
To evaluate the role of magnetic resonance (MRI) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurement of solid and cystic pulmonary masses in differentiating benign from malignant lesions.

Material and methods
The study included 41 patients with pulmonary masses, who underwent conventional MRI and DWI (b value 0, 500, and 1000 s/mm²) examinations with 1.5-T MRI. The diffusion signal and the mean ADC values of the solid and cystic lesions were obtained. Statistical analyses were performed with the Mann-Whitney U test (z), Pearson’s chi-square test, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

Results
Thirty-three lesions were malignant, and eight lesions were benign. The malignant masses showed significantly higher signal intensity on DWI than benign masses (p = 0.006), and the mean ADC value of malignant solid lesions was significantly lower than that of benign lesions (p = 0.02). By ROC analysis, an ADC cut-off value of 1.4 × 10–3 mm2/s was considered the threshold value, and the sensitivity and specificity were 93.8% and 75%, respectively. There was no significant difference between the ADC value of the cystic parts inside the benign and the malignant lesions.

Conclusions
Diffusion-weighted MRI and measurement of ADC value can significantly differentiate between solid benign and malignant pulmonary masses.

keywords:

diffusion MRI, ADC, benign, malignant, pulmonary lesions




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