ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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2019
vol. 84
 
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Chest radiology
abstract:
Review paper

Spectrum of imaging findings in pulmonary infections. Part 1: Bacterial and viral

Mandeep Garg
,
Nidhi Prabhakar
,
Ajay Gulati
,
Ritesh Agarwal
,
Sahajal Dhooria

© Pol J Radiol 2019; 84: e205-e213
Online publish date: 2019/04/18
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Chest radiography is generally the first imaging modality used for the evaluation of pneumonia. It can establish the presence of pneumonia, determine its extent and location, and assess the response to treatment. Computed tomography is not used for the initial evaluation of pneumonia, but it may be used when the response to treatment is unusually slow. It helps to identify complications, detect any underlying chronic pulmonary disease, and also to characterise complex pneumonias. Although not diagnostic, certain imaging findings may suggest a particular microbial cause over others. Knowledge of whether pneumonia is community-acquired or nosocomial, as well as the age and immune status of the patient, can help us in narrowing the differential diagnoses. The purpose of this article is to briefly review the various pulmonary imaging manifestations of pathogenic organisms. This knowledge along with clinical history and laboratory investigations of the patient may help in guiding the treatment of pneumonia.
keywords:

fungal, bacterial, pneumonia, viral, mycobacterial, parasitic

 
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