ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2021
vol. 86
 
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Musculoskeletal radiology
abstract:
Original paper

The importance of diffusion apparent diffusion coefficient values in the evaluation of soft tissue sarcomas after treatment

Elif Aktas
1
,
Sefik M. Arikan
2
,
Fisun Ardıç
3
,
Burcu Savran
4
,
Alaettin Arslan
5
,
Güray Toğral
6
,
Jale Karakaya
7
,
Bilgin K. Aribas
8

1.
Department of Radiology, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey
2.
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Gazi University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
3.
Department of Pathology, Ankara Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
4.
Department of Radiology, Ankara Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
5.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Kayseri City Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey
6.
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Ankara Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
7.
Department of Biostatistics, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey
8.
Department of Radiology, Bülent Ecevit University Medical School, Zonguldak, Turkey
Pol J Radiol 2021; 86: e291-e297
Online publish date: 2021/05/14
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Introduction
In our study, we aimed to show the efficiency of diffusion-weighted images at different b-values and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values in the differentiation of recurrent tumours from post-treatment tissue changes.

Material and methods
The conventional and diffusion magnetic resonance images (MRIs) of 42 patients operated for soft tissue sarcomas between June 2012 and March 2015 followed up with MRIs that were evaluated by 2 radiologists retrospectively. Diffusion MRIs were acquired at 4 different b-values (50, 400, 800, 1000 s/mm2). The lesions were classified according to conventional MRI findings as post-treatment changes and recurrent tumours.

Results
When the patient group with recurrent tumours was compared with the patient group with postoperative changes the ADC calculations were statistically significantly lower for the recurrent tumours at all b-levels (p < 0.001 for all b-levels). The sensitivity of b-50 values lower than 3.01 × 103 mm²/s in showing recurrent tumours was 100% and the specificity was 77.78%. The sensitivity of b-400 values lower than 2.1 × 103 mm²/s in showing recurrent tumours was 80% and the specificity was 96.3%. The sensitivity of b-800 values lower than 2.26 × 103 mm²/s in showing recurrent tumours was 100% and the specificity was 88.89%. The sensitivity of b-1000 values lower than 2 × 103 mm²/s in showing recurrent tumours was 93.3% and the specificity was 92.5%.

Conclusions
The ADC values obtained from diffusion-weighted images have high sensitivity and specificity in differentiating recurring soft tissue sarcomas during monitoring after treatment from postoperative changes.

keywords:

MR imaging, diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, soft tissue tumours, recurrent sarcomas, posttreatment changes




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