ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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2019
vol. 84
 
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Cardiovascular radiology
abstract:
Original paper

The prevalence of myocardial bridging on multidetector computed tomography and its relation to coronary plaques

Ravindran Rajendran
,
Madhav Hegde

© Pol J Radiol 2019; 84: e478-e483
Online publish date: 2019/11/21
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Purpose
To test the hypothesis that the prevalence of myocardial bridging varies between ethnic groups, and that the segment proximal to the myocardial bridge is more prone to plaque formation.

Material and methods
A total of 4500 patients who had undergone computerised tomography (CT) coronary angiography at our institute were studied for myocardial bridging. Data on the clinical profile and indication for CT coronary angiography in myocardial bridging were collected. Patients with and without proximal disease were compared using the chi-square test for ordinal variables and Student’s t-test for continuous variables. The length to depth ratio (RA-MA ratio) of the bridged segment was determined.

Results
The prevalence of atherosclerotic plaques in the segment proximal to the bridged segment was 37.8%, which was lower than the prevalence of 48.7% for plaques in the corresponding segments among patients without myocardial bridging. The average length of the bridged segment was 15.5 ± 5 mm, and that for patients with and without proximal plaques was 13 ± 4 and 16 ± 6 mm (p = 0.1), respectively. Similarly, the average depth of the segments with and without proximal plaques was 1.8 ± 0.6 mm and 1.4 ± 0.5 mm (p = 0.06), respectively. Only the RA-MA ratio (8 ± 3 vs. 13 ± 6, p = 0.01) was significantly lower in patients with atherosclerotic plaques.

Conclusions
The prevalence in our study population was 10%, with mid left anterior descending artery (LAD) being the most common segment involved. Moreover, the prevalence and distribution of coronary plaques in LAD were similar in patients with and without myocardial bridging.

keywords:

CT coronary angiogram, myocardial bridging, coronary plaque, epidemiology, bridging ratio, CAD

 
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