ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2022
vol. 87
 
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Urogenital radiology
abstract:
Original paper

The role of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the evaluation of lymph node status in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer: our experience and a review

Benedetta Gui
1
,
Luca Russo
1
,
Laura Minordi
1
,
Maura Miccò
1
,
Salvatore Persiani
2
,
Giacomo Avesani
1
,
Vittoria Rufini
3, 4
,
Valentina Fuoco
4
,
Rosa Autorino
5
,
Gabriella Ferrandina
6, 7
,
Giovanni Scambia
6, 7
,
Riccardo Manfredi
1, 2

1.
Radiology Unit, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Oncological Radiotherapy and Hematology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy
2.
Department of Radiological and Hematological Sciences, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
3.
Nuclear Medicine Unit, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Oncological Radiotherapy and Hematology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy
4.
Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
5.
Oncological Radiotherapy Unit, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Oncological Radiotherapy and Hematology, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy
6.
Gynecology Oncology Unit, Department of Women, Children and Public Health Sciences, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy
7.
Institute of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy
© Pol J Radiol 2022; 87: e438-e447
Online publish date: 2022/08/10
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Introduction
To evaluate the role of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value measurement in the diagnosis of meta­static lymph nodes (LNs) in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) and to present a systematic review of the literature.

Material and methods
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exams of patients with LACC were retrospectively eva­luated. Mean ADC, relative ADC (rADC), and correct ADC (cADC) values of enlarged LNs were measured and compared between positron emission tomography (PET)-positive and PET-negative LNs. Comparisons were made using the Mann-Whitney U-test and Student’s t-test. ROC curves were generated for each parameter to identify the optimal cut-off value for differentiation of the LNs. A systematic search in the literature was performed, exploring several databases, including PubMed, Scopus, the Cochrane library, and Embase.

Results
A total of 105 LNs in 34 patients were analysed. The median ADC value of PET-positive LNs (0.907 × 10-3 mm2/s [0.780-1.080]) was lower than that in PET-negative LNs (1.275 × 10-3 mm2/s [1.063-1.525]) (p < 0.05). rADC and cADC values were lower in PET-positive LNs (rADC: 0.120 × 10-3 mm2/s [–0.060-0.270]; cADC: 1.130 [0.980-1.420]) than in PET-negative LNs (rADC: 0.435 × 10-3 mm2/s [0.225-0.673]; cADC: 1.615 [1.210-1.993]) LNs (p < 0.05). ADC showed the highest area under the curve (AUC 0.808).

Conclusions
Mean ADC, rADC, and cADC were significantly lower in the PET-positive group than in the PET-negative group. The ADC cut-off value of 1.149 × 10-3 mm2/s showed the highest sensitivity. These results confirm the usefulness of ADC in differentiating metastatic from non-metastatic LNs in LACC.

keywords:

magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion magnetic resonance imaging, uterine cervical neoplasms, positron emission tomography/computed tomography




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