ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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2019
vol. 84
 
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Interventional radiology
abstract:
Original paper

The role of interventional radiology in the treatment of lower limb vascular injuries after orthopaedic surgery

Francesco Giurazza
1
,
Fabio Corvino
1
,
Mattia Silvestre
1
,
Antonio Corvino
2
,
Raffaella Niola
1

1.
Cardarelli Hospital, Naples, Italy
2.
Department of Motor Science and Wellness, Parthenope University of Naples, Naples, Italy
© Pol J Radiol 2019; 84: e504-e510
Online publish date: 2019/12/02
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Purpose
This paper focuses on the role of interventional radiology embolisations in a series of patients presenting with iatrogenic vascular injuries of the lower limbs following orthopaedic interventions.

Material and methods
Fourteen patients (mean age: 64 years, range 23-90 years) were retrospectively analysed. Clinical presentation consisted of palpable pulsatile mass, pain, reduced lower limb motion, or visible haematoma; 11 patients had also anaemia (haemoglobin < 7 g/dl).

Results
The time between orthopaedic surgery and embolisation ranged between 0 and 67 days (mean: 15 days). Injured arterial vessels were as follows: inferior gluteal artery (2), superficial external pudendal artery (2), deep femoral artery (1), lateral circumflex femoral artery (3), medial circumflex femoral artery (2), articular branch of descending genicular artery (1), perforating femoral arteries (3), posterior tibial recurrent artery (1), and anterior tibial artery (1). The typologies of vascular lesion were: pseudoaneurysm 57%, bleeding with extraluminal contrast agent blush of the terminal arterial segment 36%, and laceration and bleeding with extraluminal contrast agent blush of the arterial main trunk 7%. Embolising agents adopted were microcoils 57%, glue 14%, microplug 7%, particles 14%, and covered stent 7%. In all cases clinical and procedural technical successes were obtained (100%).

Conclusions
For the management of vascular injuries occurring after different orthopaedic interventions of the lower limbs, endovascular embolisations have proven to be safe and effective; orthopaedic surgeons should be aware of the support that interventional radiology could provide in the case of iatrogenic vascular complications.

keywords:

haemorrhage, pseudoaneurysm, embolisation, lower limb, orthopaedic, iatrogenic

 
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