ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2020
vol. 85
 
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Gastrointestinal and abdominal radiology
abstract:
Original paper

The spectrum of multimodality imaging findings in hepatic alveolar echinococcosis and the potential role of diffusion-weighted imaging in its characterisation

Arshed H. Parry
1
,
Abdul H. Wani
2
,
Imza Feroz
3

1.
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2.
Department of Radiodiagnosis, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
3.
Department of Pathology, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
Pol J Radiol 2020; 85: e613-e623
Online publish date: 2020/11/10
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Introduction
To study the spectrum of imaging findings in hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) and to evaluate the potential role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in its characterisation.

Material and methods
Two radiologists with more than seven years of experience retrospectively studied ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in 23 histopathologically proven cases of HAE with emphasis on the appearance and extent of disease. DWI characteristics of lesions were noted, and their apparent diffusion values (ADC) were calculated.

Results
Ultrasonography features of HAE included heterogeneous, hyperechoic hepatic mass with or without calcification (n = 20), or heterogeneous mass with solid-cystic appearance (n = 2). CT revealed heterogeneous density infiltrative hepatic mass with no contrast enhancement in 19 patients or thick-walled cystic mass (n = 4). Following Kodama classification one type 1, six type 2, two type 3, eight type 4, and two type 5 lesions were identified on T2-weighted MRI. No enhancement was seen on post-contrast T1-weighted images. Mean ADC values were 1.74 ± 0.48 × 10-3 mm2/s (range: 1.39 × 10-3 mm2/s to 2.3 × 10-3 mm2/s).

Conclusions
HAE by virtue of its infiltrative growth pattern with a tendency to involve biliary, vascular, and extra hepatic structures can be easily misdiagnosed as malignant hepatic neoplasm. Knowledge of varied imaging appearances of HAE is essential to suspect the condition and to make an appropriate diagnosis. Diffusion-weighted imaging is a useful adjunct with relatively high diffusivity (high ADC values) suggesting diagnosis of alveolar hydatid.

keywords:

computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, apparent diffusion coefficient, diffusion-weighted imaging, hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE)

 
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