ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2022
vol. 87
 
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Head and neck radiology
abstract:
Original paper

The value of different diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance techniques in the diagnosis of middle ear cholesteatoma. Is there still an indication for echo-planar diffusion-weighted imaging?

Alina Piekarek
1
,
Tomasz Zatoński
2
,
Mateusz Kolator
2
,
Joanna Bladowska
1
,
Marek Sąsiadek
1
,
Anna Zimny
1

1.
Department of Radiology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
2.
Department of Otolaryngology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
Pol J Radiol 2022; 87: e51-e57
Online publish date: 2022/01/20
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Purpose
The aim of the study was to analyse the value of 2 different diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) techniques (echo-planar imaging [EPI] and on-echo-planar imaging [non-EPI]) in the diagnosis of cholesteatoma.

Material and methods
Our material consisted of 32 subjects suspected of cholesteatoma, who underwent magnetic resonance imaging of the temporal bone using both EPI and non-EPI DWI. Two independent readers retrospectively analysed magnetic resonance images. Intra- and interobserver agreements as well sensitivity, specificity, and negative (NPV) and positive (PPV) predictive values of both DWI sequences were assessed.

Results
Using non-EPI DWI all cholesteatomas were correctly diagnosed by both readers with no false negative nor inconclusive cases and with only one false positive result. Non-EPI DWI revealed high interobserver agreement (κ = 1) and high correlation with histopathological results (r = 0.895). EPI DWI misdiagnosed 27-31% of cholesteatomas (false negative results), showing also significantly low interobserver agreement (κ = 0.373) and low correlation with histopathological results (r = 0.328 for reader 1 and r = 0.267 for reader 2). Non-EPI DWI revealed very high sensitivity (100%), specificity (83.3%), NPV (100%), and PPV (96.3%) in comparison to EPI DWI, which showed lower sensitivity (69.2%), specificity (66.6-83.3%), NPV (33.3-38.4%), and PPV (90.0-94.7%).

Conclusions
Non-EPI DWI with high sensitivity, specificity, and interobserver agreement is a very reliable technique in detecting middle ear cholesteatoma regardless of the pre- or postoperative state of the ear, and it should entirely replace EPI DWI in clinical practice.

keywords:

cholesteatoma, diffusion weighted imaging, EPI DWI, non-EPI DWI




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