ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2022
vol. 87
 
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Breast radiology
abstract:
Case report

Unusual manifestations of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis: a pictorial essay

S. Elango
1
,
S. Prema
1
,
A.R. Vijayakumar
1
,
N. Sravani
1
,
K. Nagarajan
1
,
G. Vijayalakshmi
2

1.
Department of Radio-Diagnosis, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India
2.
Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India
Pol J Radiol 2022; 87: e79-e86
Online publish date: 2022/02/10
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Introduction
Tuberculosis is quite common in India. About 40% of all Indians are infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis, with 2.5 million active tuberculosis cases. Tuberculosis primarily affects the lungs, but it can affect any organ. Extra-pulmonary involvement occurs 15-20% of cases in immune-competent patients and in more than 50% in HIV patients. The most common extra-pulmonary sites are lymph nodes, pleura, abdomen, genitourinary tract, skin, joints and bones, or meninges.

Case reports
In this pictorial review article we present 8 atypical cases of tuberculosis and describe their imaging features and histopathology.

Conclusions
Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis can affect virtually any organ and can mimic various inflammatory and neoplastic disorders apart from other infective conditions. A strong index of suspicion is required particularly in those countries endemic to tuberculosis.

keywords:

tuberculosis, computed tomography, extra-pulmonary tuberculosis, imaging




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