ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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1/2020
vol. 85
 
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Neuroradiology
abstract:
Original paper

Utility of brain parenchyma density measurement and computed tomography perfusion imaging in predicting brain death

Asli I. Akdogan
1
,
Hilal Sahin
2
,
Yeliz Pekcevik
2
,
Hatice Uluer
3

1.
Department of Radiology, Buca Women Birth and Child Diseases Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
2.
Department of Radiology, University of Health Sciences, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey
3.
Department of Biostatistics, Ege University, Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey
Pol J Radiol 2020; 85: e636-e642
Online publish date: 2020/11/25
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Introduction
To assess the utility of brain parenchyma density measurement on unenhanced computed tomography (CT) in predicting brain death (BD), in order to evaluate the added value of CT perfusion (CTP).

Material and methods
A total of 77 patients who were clinically diagnosed as BD and had both CT angiography (CTA) and CTP imaging in the same session were retrospectively reviewed. On unenhanced phase of CTA, density measu­rement was performed from 23 regions of interests (ROIs) which were located in the following areas: level of basal ganglia (caudate nucleus, putamen, corpus callosum, posterior limb of internal capsule), level of brainstem, grey- white matters on levels of centrum semiovale (CS), high convexity (HC), and cerebellum. CTP images were evaluated qualitatively and independently. Grey matter (GM), white matter (WM), density, and GM/WM density ratio of BD patients were compared with control subjects.

Results
Comparing with the normal control group, the GM and WM density at each level and GM/WM density ratio of CS, HC, and cerebellum level were significantly lower in brain-dead patients (p = 0.019 for HC-WM, p < 0.001 for other areas). Using ROC analysis, the highest value of area under curve (AUC) for the GM/WM density ratio was found at the HC level (AUC = 0.907). The sensitivity of the GM/WM density ratio at the HC level was found to be 90% when the cut-off value of 1.25 was identified. Evaluating the GM/WM density ratio together with the CTP results increased the sensitivity further to 98%.

Conclusions
The GM/WM density ratio at the HC level on unenhanced CT may be a useful finding to predict BD. Also, the addition of CTP increases the sensitivity of this method.

keywords:

brain death, computed tomography angiography, computed tomography perfusion, density

 
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