ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
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vol. 86
Gastrointestinal and abdominal radiology
Original paper

3D quantitative analysis of diffusion-weighted imaging for predicting the malignant potential of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas

Takao Igarashi
Megumi Shiraishi
Ken Watanabe
Kazuyoshi Ohki
Shinsuke Takenaga
Hirokazu Ashida
Hiroya Ojiri

Department of Radiology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Pol J Radiol 2021; 86: e298-e308
Online publish date: 2021/05/19
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To investigate the predictors of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas (IPMNs) with high-grade dysplasia, using 2-dimensional (2D) analysis and 3-dimensional (3D) volume-of-interest-based apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis.

Material and methods
The data of 45 patients with histopathologically confirmed IPMNs with high-grade or low-grade dysplasia were retrospectively assessed. The 2D analysis included lesion-to-spinal cord signal intensity ratio (LSR), minimum ADC value (ADCmin), and mean ADC value (ADCmean). The 3D analysis included the overall mean (ADCoverall mean), mean of the bottom 10th percentile (ADCmean0-10), mean of the bottom 10-25th percentile (ADCmean10-25), mean of the bottom 25-50th percentile (ADCmean25-50), skewness (ADCskewness), kurtosis (ADCkurtosis), and entropy (ADCentropy). Diagnostic performance was compared by analysing the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Inter-rater reliability was assessed by blinded evaluation using the intraclass correlation coefficient.

There were 16 and 29 IPMNs with high- and low-grade dysplasia, respectively. The LSR, ADCoverall mean, ADCmean0-10, ADCmean10-25, ADCmean25-50, and ADCentropy showed significant between-group differences (AUC = 72-93%; p < 0.05). Inter-rater reliability assessment showed almost perfect agreement for LSR and substantial agreement for ADCoverall mean and ADCentropy. Multivariate logistic regression showed that ADCoverall mean and ADCentropy were significant independent predictors of malignancy (p < 0.05), with diagnostic accuracies of 80% and 73%, respectively.

ADCoverall mean and ADCentropy from 3D analysis may assist in predicting IPMNs with high-grade dysplasia.


diffusion magnetic resonance imaging, mucinous carcinoma, pancreatic duct, pancreatic intraductal neo­plasms

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