ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
Established by prof. Zygmunt Grudziński in 1926 Sun
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vol. 89
Gastrointestinal and abdominal radiology
Review paper

Deep learning in ovarian cancer diagnosis: a comprehensive review of various imaging modalities

Mohammad Hossein Sadeghi
Sedigheh Sina
1, 2
Hamid Omidi
Amir Hossein Farshchitabrizi
2, 3
Mehrosadat Alavi

Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Radiation Research Center, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
© Pol J Radiol 2024; 89: e30-e48
Online publish date: 2024/01/22
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Ovarian cancer poses a major worldwide health issue, marked by high death rates and a deficiency in reliable diagnostic methods. The precise and prompt detection of ovarian cancer holds great importance in advancing patient outcomes and determining suitable treatment plans. Medical imaging techniques are vital in diagnosing ovarian cancer, but achieving accurate diagnoses remains challenging. Deep learning (DL), particularly convolutional neural networks (CNNs), has emerged as a promising solution to improve the accuracy of ovarian cancer detection.

This systematic review explores the role of DL in improving the diagnostic accuracy for ovarian cancer. The methodology involved the establishment of research questions, inclusion and exclusion criteria, and a comprehensive search strategy across relevant databases. The selected studies focused on DL techniques applied to ovarian cancer diagnosis using medical imaging modalities, as well as tumour differentiation and radiomics. Data extraction, analysis, and synthesis were performed to summarize the characteristics and findings of the selected studies.

The review emphasizes the potential of DL in enhancing the diagnosis of ovarian cancer by accelerating the diagnostic process and offering more precise and efficient solutions. DL models have demonstrated their effectiveness in categorizing ovarian tissues and achieving comparable diagnostic performance to that of experienced radiologists. The integration of DL into ovarian cancer diagnosis holds the promise of improving patient outcomes, refining treatment approaches, and supporting well-informed decision-making. Nevertheless, additional research and validation are necessary to ensure the dependability and applicability of DL models in everyday clinical settings.

ovarian cancer, diagnostic accuracy, deep learning, convolutional neural network

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