ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
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vol. 86
Urogenital radiology
Original paper

The utility of ADC parameters in the diagnosis of clinically significant prostate cancer by 3.0-Tesla diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging

Aylin Altan Kus

Department of Radiology, Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, Atakent Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
Pol J Radiol 2021; 86: e262-e268
Online publish date: 2021/05/05
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This study has focused on investigating the relationship between the exponential apparent diffusion coefficient (exp-ADC), selective apparent diffusion coefficient (sel-ADC) values, the ADC ratio (ADCr), and prostate cancer aggressiveness with transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy in patients with prostate cancer.

Material and methods
All patients underwent a multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) including tri-planar T2-weighted (T2W), dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE), diffusion-weighted sequences using a 3.0-Tesla MR scanner (Skyra, Siemens Medical Systems, Germany) with a dedicated 18-channel body coil and a spine coil underneath the pelvis, with the patient in the supine position. Exp-ADC, sel-ADC, and ADCr of defined lesions were evaluated using region-of-interest-based measurements. Exp-ADC, sel-ADC, and ADCr were correlated with the Gleason score obtained through transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy.

Patients were divided into 2 groups. Group I is Gleason score ≥ 3 + 4, group II is Gleason score = 6. Sel-ADC and exp-ADC were statistically significant between 2 groups (0.014 and 0.012, respectively). However, the ADCr difference between nonclinical significant prostate cancer from clinically significant prostate cancer was not significant (p = 0.09).

This study is the first to evaluate exp-ADC and sel-ADC values of prostate carcinoma with ADCr. One limitation of this study might be the limited number of patients. Exp-ADC and sel-ADC values in prostate MRI imaging improved the specificity, accuracy, and area under the curve (AUC) for detecting clinically relevant prostate carcinoma. Adding exp-ADC and sel-ADC values to ADCr can be used to increase the diagnostic accuracy of DWI.


prostate cancer, Gleason score, diffusion-weighted imaging, multiparametric prostate MR, apparent diffusion coefficient

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