ISSN: 1899-0967
Polish Journal of Radiology
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vol. 89
Cardiovascular radiology
Review paper

Utility of multimodal molecular imaging in the diagnosis and decision-making in arterial diseases

Jacqueline Mejia-Cervantes
Javier E. Anaya-Ayala
1, 2
Ezequiel Solano-Mendívil
Isaac Gonzalez-Hernandez
Juan C. Aramburo
Luis A. Medina-Velazquez
Eleazar Ignacio-Alvarez
Carlos A. Hinojosa

Department of Surgery, Section of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico
Dirección Médica, Hospital Ángeles Universidad, Mexico City, Mexico
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico
Department of Physics, National Cancer Institute, Mexico City, Mexico
© Pol J Radiol 2024; 89: e6-e12
Online publish date: 2024/01/08
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Arterial diseases are prevalent in the general population, particularly in the elderly, and they are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Nuclear imaging is a useful tool in diagnosis and follow-up in different areas of medicine, and over the last 2 decades, these study modalities have become more relevant in the field of angiology and vascular surgery due to their potential benefit in the interpretation of pathophysiological mechanisms associated with the natural history and severity of diseases that affect the circulation such as vasculitis, degenerative aortic aneurysms (AA), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), and complications following reconstructive procedures such as graft infections. The literature has shown evidence of an important number of radiotracers for specific molecules involved in the activity of these entities and their utility as predictors during surveillance and possible therapeutic targets.

The present narrative review aims to describe the use of nuclear medicine, imaging methods, and radiotracers that have been applied in arterial diseases, as well as the advantages and considerations, their importance in the diagnosis and follow-up of these complex groups of patients, and future perspectives.

peripheral arterial disease, positron-emission tomography, molecular imaging, aortic aneurysm, vascular diseases, systemic vasculitis

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