Anatomical variants and coronary anomalies detected by dual-source coronary computed tomography angiography in North-eastern Thailand
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Publication date: 2018-09-17
Pol J Radiol, 2018; 83: 372-378
Congenital coronary anomalies are uncommon, with an incidence ranging from 0.17% in autopsy cases to 1.2% in angiographically evaluated cases. The recent development of dual-source coronary computed tomography angiography (coronary CTA) allows accurate and noninvasive depiction of coronary artery anomalies.

Material and methods:
A retrospective study included a total of 924 patients who underwent coronary CTA because of known or suspected coronary artery disease. In each study, coronary artery anomalies (CAs) were investigated.

A total of 924 patients (mean age 51.2 ±12.8 years), who underwent dual-source coronary CTA, were studied. The overall prevalence of CAs in our study was 3.7%, with the following distribution: four single coronary artery, 14 anomalous origin from opposite sinus of Valsalva, three absent left main, four high take-off coronary artery, three anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery, and eight coronary artery fistulas.

The present study supports the use of coronary CTA as a reliable noninvasive tool for defining anomalous coronary arteries in an appropriate clinical setting and provides detailed three-dimensional anatomic information that may be difficult to obtain with invasive coronary angiography.

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