Endovascular treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysms – single-centre results
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Chair of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Students’ Scientific Group, Chair of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Department of Radiology, University Hospital in Krakow, Poland
Department of Neurosurgery and Neurotraumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
Submission date: 2020-04-13
Final revision date: 2020-06-25
Acceptance date: 2020-06-26
Publication date: 2020-12-20
Pol J Radiol, 2020; 85: 650-656
The middle cerebral artery (MCA) is the second most common location of intracerebral aneurysms. Traditionally, they are treated by microsurgical clipping, but with the development of new techniques and devices endovascular embolisation is gaining more importance. The aim of this study was to summarise six years of experience of our department in endovascular treatment of MCA aneurysms.

Material and methods:
Forty patients with 41 MCA aneurysms treated in a single centre were included in this study. Data on patients’ comorbidities, aneurysm morphology, and treatment course were collected, with special emphasis on complications.

There were no statistically significant differences in terms of aneurysm morphology between males and females and between ruptured and unruptured aneurysms. None of the diseases analysed in the current study were linked with significantly increased risk of SAH. Unruptured aneurysms were significantly more frequently treated by stent-assisted coiling (30.4% vs. 5.6%, p = 0.0388) than were ruptured aneurysms, while ruptured aneurysms were treated more frequently by coiling alone (77.8% vs. 34.8%, p = 0.0062). After an initial course of treatment 63.4% (n = 26) of patients had class I in Raymond-Roy occlusion classification, 22% (n = 9) had class II, and 14.6% (n = 6) had class III. Complications of the procedure were observed in 17.5% (n = 7) of patients: 22.2% (n = 4) with ruptured and 13.6% (n = 3) with unruptured aneurysms.

Endovascular treatment of MCA aneurysms is feasible, and our results are convergent with other studies. Ruptured MCA aneurysms may be treated endovascularly with similar effects as unruptured MCA aneurysms. The complication rate of such treatment is low.

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