Imaging features of fungal pneumonia in haematopoietic stem cell transplant patients
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Department of Radiology, University of New Mexico, MSC 10 5530, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA
Department of Radiology, Virginia Commonwealth University, West Hospital, Richmond, VA, USA
Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
Weill Cornell Medicine – Qatar, Qatar Foundation – Education City, Doha, Qatar
Department of Radiology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
Submission date: 2020-10-05
Final revision date: 2020-11-22
Acceptance date: 2020-11-23
Publication date: 2021-06-07
Pol J Radiol, 2021; 86: 335-343
Patients who have received haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) have a high rate of pulmonary complications, and in this immunosuppressed population, fungal pneumonia is of great concern. Fungal pneumonia can have a similar appearance to non-infectious pulmonary processes in HSCT patients, and radiologists should be familiar with the subtle features that may help to differentiate these disease entities. The focus of this article is on the diagnosis of fungal pneumonia in HSCT patients with an emphasis on radiologists’ roles in establishing the diagnosis of fungal pneumonia and the guidance of clinical management.
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